wiki:WikiMacros

Version 4 (modified by trac, 9 months ago) (diff)

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Trac Macros

Trac macros are plugins to extend the Trac engine with custom 'functions' written in Python. A macro inserts dynamic HTML data in any context supporting WikiFormatting. Its syntax is [[macro-name(optional-arguments)]].

The WikiProcessors are another kind of macros. They typically deal with alternate markup formats and transformation of larger "blocks" of information (like source code highlighting). They are used for processing the multiline {{{#!wiki-processor-name ... }}} blocks.

Using Macros

Macro calls are enclosed in two square brackets. Like Python functions, macros can also have arguments, a comma separated list within parentheses.

Getting Detailed Help

The list of available macros and the full help can be obtained using the MacroList macro, as seen below.

A brief list can be obtained via [[MacroList(*)]] or [[?]].

Detailed help on a specific macro can be obtained by passing it as an argument to MacroList, e.g. [[MacroList(MacroList)]], or, more conveniently, by appending a question mark (?) to the macro's name, like in [[MacroList?]].

Example

A list of 3 most recently changed wiki pages starting with 'Trac':

Wiki Markup Display
[[RecentChanges(Trac,3)]]

[[RecentChanges?(Trac,3)]]

[[RecentChanges]]

List all pages that have recently been modified, ordered by the time they were last modified.

This macro accepts two ordered arguments and a named argument. The named argument can be placed in any position within the argument list.

The first parameter is a prefix string: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are included in the list.

The second parameter is the maximum number of pages to include in the list.

The group parameter determines how the list is presented:

group=date
The pages are presented in bulleted lists that are grouped by date (default).
group=none
The pages are presented in a single bulleted list.

Tip: if you only want to specify a maximum number of entries and don't want to filter by prefix, specify an empty first parameter, e.g. [[RecentChanges(,10,group=none)]].

[[?]]

[[Image]]

Embed an image in wiki-formatted text. The first argument is the file …

[[InterTrac]]

Provide a list of known InterTrac prefixes.

[[InterWiki]]

Provide a description list for the known InterWiki prefixes.

[[KnownMimeTypes]]

List all known mime-types which can be used as WikiProcessors. Can be …

etc.

Available Macros

Note that the following list will only contain the macro documentation if you've not enabled -OO optimizations, or not set the PythonOptimize option for mod_python.

[[AboutWikiBoxes]]

Display a wiki page on how to use boxes.

[[AboutWikiIcons]]

Display a wiki page on how to use icons.

[[AboutWikiPhrases]]

Display a wiki page on how to use attentional phrases.

Sorry, no documentation found

[[BlogList]]

A macro to display list of posts and extracts outside (or inside) the Blog module - most commonly Wiki pages.

All arguments are optional:

[[BlogList]]

Available named arguments:

  • recent= - max. number of posts
  • category= - a category
  • author= - an author
  • period= - time period of the format YYYY/MM
  • heading= - a heading for the list
  • format= - type of display (see below for details)
  • max_size= - max. number of characters to render for each post
  • meta= - use =off to hide date, author and categories (default 'on')

Example showing some available named arguments:

[[BlogList(recent=5, max_size=250, period=2007/12, author=osimons, format=float, heading=Some Trac Posts)]]

The arguments for criteria are 'AND'-based, so the above example will render at most 5 posts by 'osimons' in December 2007.

There is no heading unless specified.

Without restriction on recent number of posts, it will use the number currently active in the Blog module as default for 'float' and 'full' rendering, but for rendering of 'inline' list it will render all found as default unless restricted. Additionally for 'float' and 'full' it will truncate content if it is larger than a max_size (if set).

The format= keyword argument supports rendering these formats:

format=inlineRenders an unordered list in the normal text flow (default).
format=floatA floating box out on the side of the page with slightly more detail.
format=fullFull rendering like on period, category and author listings inside blog.

The arguments can appear in any order.

Posts are rendered sorted by newest first for all modes.

[[CommitTicketReference]]

Insert a changeset message into the output.

This macro must be called using wiki processor syntax as follows:

{{{
#!CommitTicketReference repository="reponame" revision="rev"
}}}

where the arguments are the following:

  • repository: the repository containing the changeset
  • revision: the revision of the desired changeset

[[ExtractUrl]]

Provides test macro for the tracextracturl.extract_url function.

This macro is intended for code testing by the developers of the above function and has no real usage for normal Trac users.

Macro usage: [[ExtractUrl(traclink)]]
Result: The URL extracted by extract_url

$Id: macro.py 8545 2010-08-30 21:57:33Z martin_s $

Description for extract_url()

Extracts an URL from an Wiki link, e.g. to used in macro produced HTML code.

Website: http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/ExtractUrlPlugin

$Id: extracturl.py 8545 2010-08-30 21:57:33Z martin_s $

Description

Returns an (possible relative) URL which can be used in HTML code.

If raw is true the returned link will point to a downloadable version of the linked resource otherwise the same link is returned which would be used in the resulting Wiki page.

The raw links are also usable as online resouces, e.g. if the link target is to be used as input for a flash application etc.

Usage

General:

from tracextracturl import extract_url
# ...
  url = extract_url (env, context, wikilink, raw=False)

Inside WikiMacros:

from tracextracturl import extract_url

def MyMacro(WikiMacroBase):
  def expand_macro (self, formatter, name, content):
     # e.g. wikilink = 'wiki:WikiStart' or 'attachment:file.ext'
     url = extract_url(self.env, formatter.context, wikilink)
     rawurl = extract_url(self.env, formatter.context, wikilink, True)

Example

Inside a Trac macro called from the wiki page 'ExamplePage' of project 'project1' on a multi-project trac server:

    extract_url(self.env, formatter, 'attachment:file.js', True)

will return /project1/raw-attachment/wiki/ExamplePage/file.js, which could be directly accessed by the browser inside some javascript or flash HTML object code produced by the macro.

[[GhcFile]]

GhcFile macro.

[[GhcModule]]

GhcModule macro.

[[Icon]]

Shows a named icon that can be in line with text.

Syntax:

[[Icon(name, size)]]

where

  • name is the name of the icon. When name contains a pattern character (* or ?), a 2-column preview of matching icons is presented, which should mainly be used for finding and selecting an icon during wiki page editing in side-by-side mode (however, no more than 32 icons are presented to prevent exhaustive network traffic.)
  • size is optionally one of small, medium or large or an abbreviation thereof (defaults small).

Example:

[[Icon(smiley)]]

Use ShowIcons for static presentation of available icons. Smileys like :-) are automatically rendered as icons. Use ShowSmileys to se all available smileys.

Following wiki markup is equivalent to using this macro:

(|name, size|)

[[Image]]

Embed an image in wiki-formatted text.

The first argument is the file specification. The file specification may reference attachments in three ways:

  • module:id:file, where module can be either wiki or ticket, to refer to the attachment named file of the specified wiki page or ticket.
  • id:file: same as above, but id is either a ticket shorthand or a Wiki page name.
  • file to refer to a local attachment named 'file'. This only works from within that wiki page or a ticket.

Also, the file specification may refer to repository files, using the source:file syntax (source:file@rev works also).

Files can also be accessed with a direct URLs; /file for a project-relative, //file for a server-relative, or http://server/file for absolute location of the file.

The remaining arguments are optional and allow configuring the attributes and style of the rendered <img> element:

  • digits and unit are interpreted as the size (ex. 120, 25%) for the image
  • right, left, center, top, bottom and middle are interpreted as the alignment for the image (alternatively, the first three can be specified using align=... and the last three using valign=...)
  • link=some TracLinks... replaces the link to the image source by the one specified using a TracLinks. If no value is specified, the link is simply removed.
  • nolink means without link to image source (deprecated, use link=)
  • key=value style are interpreted as HTML attributes or CSS style indications for the image. Valid keys are:
    • align, valign, border, width, height, alt, title, longdesc, class, margin, margin-(left,right,top,bottom), id and usemap
    • border, margin, and margin-* can only be a single number
    • margin is superseded by center which uses auto margins

Examples:

    [[Image(photo.jpg)]]                           # simplest
    [[Image(photo.jpg, 120px)]]                    # with image width size
    [[Image(photo.jpg, right)]]                    # aligned by keyword
    [[Image(photo.jpg, nolink)]]                   # without link to source
    [[Image(photo.jpg, align=right)]]              # aligned by attribute

You can use image from other page, other ticket or other module.

    [[Image(OtherPage:foo.bmp)]]    # if current module is wiki
    [[Image(base/sub:bar.bmp)]]     # from hierarchical wiki page
    [[Image(#3:baz.bmp)]]           # if in a ticket, point to #3
    [[Image(ticket:36:boo.jpg)]]
    [[Image(source:/images/bee.jpg)]] # straight from the repository!
    [[Image(htdocs:foo/bar.png)]]   # image file in project htdocs dir.

Adapted from the Image.py macro created by Shun-ichi Goto <gotoh@…>

[[InterTrac]]

Provide a list of known InterTrac prefixes.

[[InterWiki]]

Provide a description list for the known InterWiki prefixes.

[[KnownMimeTypes]]

List all known mime-types which can be used as WikiProcessors.

Can be given an optional argument which is interpreted as mime-type filter.

[[MacroList]]

Display a list of all installed Wiki macros, including documentation if available.

Optionally, the name of a specific macro can be provided as an argument. In that case, only the documentation for that macro will be rendered.

Note that this macro will not be able to display the documentation of macros if the PythonOptimize option is enabled for mod_python!

[[PageOutline]]

Display a structural outline of the current wiki page, each item in the outline being a link to the corresponding heading.

This macro accepts four optional parameters:

  • The first is a number or range that allows configuring the minimum and maximum level of headings that should be included in the outline. For example, specifying "1" here will result in only the top-level headings being included in the outline. Specifying "2-3" will make the outline include all headings of level 2 and 3, as a nested list. The default is to include all heading levels.
  • The second parameter can be used to specify a custom title (the default is no title).
  • The third parameter selects the style of the outline. This can be either inline or pullout (the latter being the default). The inline style renders the outline as normal part of the content, while pullout causes the outline to be rendered in a box that is by default floated to the right side of the other content.
  • The fourth parameter specifies whether the outline is numbered or not. It can be either numbered or unnumbered (the former being the default). This parameter only has an effect in inline style.

[[ProjectStats]]

Wiki macro listing some generic Trac statistics.

This macro accepts a comma-separated list of keyed parameters, in the form "key=value". Valid keys:

  • wiki -- statistics for TracWiki, values:
    • count -- show wiki page count
  • prefix -- use with wiki key: only names that start with that prefix are included

'count' is also recognized without prepended key name.

[[RecentChanges]]

List all pages that have recently been modified, ordered by the time they were last modified.

This macro accepts two ordered arguments and a named argument. The named argument can be placed in any position within the argument list.

The first parameter is a prefix string: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are included in the list.

The second parameter is the maximum number of pages to include in the list.

The group parameter determines how the list is presented:

group=date
The pages are presented in bulleted lists that are grouped by date (default).
group=none
The pages are presented in a single bulleted list.

Tip: if you only want to specify a maximum number of entries and don't want to filter by prefix, specify an empty first parameter, e.g. [[RecentChanges(,10,group=none)]].

[[Redirect]]

This Trac plug-in implements a server sided redirect functionality. The user interface is the wiki macro Redirect (alternativly redirect).

Description

Website: http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/ServerSideRedirectPlugin

$Id: plugin.py 11890 2012-08-04 01:37:28Z rjollos $

This plug-in allow to place a redirect macro at the start of any wiki page which will cause an server side redirect when the wiki page is viewed.

This plug-in is compatible (i.e. can be used) with the client side redirect macro TracRedirect but doesn't depend on it. Because the redirect is caused by the server (using a HTTP redirect request to the browser) it is much faster and less noticeable for the user. The back-link feature of TracRedirect can also be used for server side redirected pages because both generate the same URL attributes.

To edit a redirecting wiki page access its URL with ?action=edit appended. To view the page either use ?action=view, which will print the redirect target (if TracRedirect isn't active, which will redirect the wiki using client side code), or ?redirect=no which disables redirection of both the ServerSideRedirectPlugin and TracRedirect plug-in.

Direct after the redirect target is added (or modified) Trac will automatically reload it, as it does with all wiki pages. This plug-in will detect this and not redirect but display the wiki page with the redirect target URL printed to provide feedback about the successful change. However, further visits will trigger the redirect.

Usage Examples

The following 'macro' at the begin of the wiki page will cause a redirect to the OtherWikiPage.

[[redirect(OtherWikiPage)]]
[[Redirect(OtherWikiPage)]]

Any other TracLink can be used:

[[redirect(wiki:OtherWikiPage)]]
[[Redirect(wiki:OtherWikiPage)]]
[[redirect(source:/trunk/file.py)]]
[[Redirect(source:/trunk/file.py)]]
[[redirect(http://www.example.com/)]]
[[Redirect(http://www.example.com/)]]

[[RepositoryIndex]]

Display the list of available repositories.

Can be given the following named arguments:

format
Select the rendering format:
  • compact produces a comma-separated list of repository prefix names (default)
  • list produces a description list of repository prefix names
  • table produces a table view, similar to the one visible in the Browse View page
glob
Do a glob-style filtering on the repository names (defaults to '*')
order
Order repositories by the given column (one of "name", "date" or "author")
desc
When set to 1, order by descending order

(since 0.12)

[[ShowIcons]]

Renders in a table a list of available icons. No more than 96 icons are displayed to prevent exhaustive network traffic.

Syntax:

[[ShowIcons(cols, name-pattern, size, header, limit)]]

where

  • cols is optionally the number of columns in the table (defaults 3).
  • name-pattern selects which icons to list (use * and ?).
  • size is optionally one of small, medium or large or an abbreviation thereof (defaults small).
  • header is optionally one of header and noheader or an abbreviation thereof (header is displayed by default)
  • limit specifies an optional upper limit of number of displayed icons (however, no more than 96 will be displayed).

The last three optional parameters (size, header and limit) can be stated in any order.

Example:

[[ShowIcons(smile*)]]              # all small icons matching smile*
[[ShowIcons(4, smile*)]]           # four columns
[[ShowIcons(smile*, 10)]]          # limit to 10 icons
[[ShowIcons(smile*, 10, nohead)]]  # no header
[[ShowIcons(smile*, m)]]           # medium-size

[[ShowPhrases]]

Renders in a table the list of known phrases that are highlighted to catch attention.

Comment: Any delimiter ():<> adjacent to a phrase will not be presented. This makes it possible to naturally write FIXME:, for example, but view the phrase highlighted without the colon (:) which would not look natural. Prefixing a phrase with ! prevents it from being highlighted.

[[TicketQuery]]

Wiki macro listing tickets that match certain criteria.

This macro accepts a comma-separated list of keyed parameters, in the form "key=value".

If the key is the name of a field, the value must use the syntax of a filter specifier as defined in TracQuery#QueryLanguage. Note that this is not the same as the simplified URL syntax used for query: links starting with a ? character. Commas (,) can be included in field values by escaping them with a backslash (\).

Groups of field constraints to be OR-ed together can be separated by a litteral or argument.

In addition to filters, several other named parameters can be used to control how the results are presented. All of them are optional.

The format parameter determines how the list of tickets is presented:

  • list -- the default presentation is to list the ticket ID next to the summary, with each ticket on a separate line.
  • compact -- the tickets are presented as a comma-separated list of ticket IDs.
  • count -- only the count of matching tickets is displayed
  • table -- a view similar to the custom query view (but without the controls)
  • progress -- a view similar to the milestone progress bars

The max parameter can be used to limit the number of tickets shown (defaults to 0, i.e. no maximum).

The order parameter sets the field used for ordering tickets (defaults to id).

The desc parameter indicates whether the order of the tickets should be reversed (defaults to false).

The group parameter sets the field used for grouping tickets (defaults to not being set).

The groupdesc parameter indicates whether the natural display order of the groups should be reversed (defaults to false).

The verbose parameter can be set to a true value in order to get the description for the listed tickets. For table format only. deprecated in favor of the rows parameter

The rows parameter can be used to specify which field(s) should be viewed as a row, e.g. rows=description|summary

For compatibility with Trac 0.10, if there's a last positional parameter given to the macro, it will be used to specify the format. Also, using "&" as a field separator still works (except for order) but is deprecated.

[[TitleIndex]]

Insert an alphabetic list of all wiki pages into the output.

Accepts a prefix string as parameter: if provided, only pages with names that start with the prefix are included in the resulting list. If this parameter is omitted, all pages are listed. If the prefix is specified, a second argument of value hideprefix can be given as well, in order to remove that prefix from the output.

Alternate format and depth named parameters can be specified:

  • format=compact: The pages are displayed as comma-separated links.
  • format=group: The list of pages will be structured in groups according to common prefix. This format also supports a min=n argument, where n is the minimal number of pages for a group.
  • format=hierarchy: The list of pages will be structured according to the page name path hierarchy. This format also supports a min=n argument, where higher n flatten the display hierarchy
  • depth=n: limit the depth of the pages to list. If set to 0, only toplevel pages will be shown, if set to 1, only immediate children pages will be shown, etc. If not set, or set to -1, all pages in the hierarchy will be shown.
  • include=page1:page*2: include only pages that match an item in the colon-separated list of pages. If the list is empty, or if no include argument is given, include all pages.
  • exclude=page1:page*2: exclude pages that match an item in the colon- separated list of pages.

The include and exclude lists accept shell-style patterns.

[[TracAdminHelp]]

Display help for trac-admin commands.

Examples:

[[TracAdminHelp]]               # all commands
[[TracAdminHelp(wiki)]]         # all wiki commands
[[TracAdminHelp(wiki export)]]  # the "wiki export" command
[[TracAdminHelp(upgrade)]]      # the upgrade command

[[TracGuideToc]]

Display a table of content for the Trac guide.

This macro shows a quick and dirty way to make a table-of-contents for the Help/Guide. The table of contents will contain the Trac* and WikiFormatting pages, and can't be customized. Search for TocMacro for a a more customizable table of contents.

[[TracIni]]

Produce documentation for the Trac configuration file.

Typically, this will be used in the TracIni page. Optional arguments are a configuration section filter, and a configuration option name filter: only the configuration options whose section and name start with the filters are output.

[[UserQuery]]

Wiki macro listing users that match certain criteria.

This macro accepts a comma-separated list of keyed parameters, in the form "key=value". Valid keys:

  • perm -- show only that users, a permission action given by value has been granted to
  • locked -- retrieve users, who's account has/has not been locked depending on boolean value
  • format -- output style: 'count', 'list' or comma-separated values (default)
  • nomatch -- replacement wiki markup that is displayed, if there's no match and output style isn't 'count' either

'count' is also recognized without prepended key name. Other non-keyed parameters are:

  • locked -- alias for 'locked=True'
  • visit -- show a list of accounts with last-login information, only available in table format
  • name -- forces replacement of maching username with their corresponding full names, if available; adds a full names column if combined with 'visit'
  • email -- append email address to usernames, if available

Requires USER_VIEW permission for output in any format other then 'count'. A misc placeholder with this statement is presented to unprivileged users.

[[Workflow]]

Render a workflow graph.

This macro accepts a TracWorkflow configuration and renders the states and transitions as a directed graph. If no parameters are given, the current ticket workflow is rendered. In WikiProcessors mode the width and height arguments can be specified.

(Defaults: width = 800 and heigth = 600)

Examples:

    [[Workflow()]]

    [[Workflow(go = here -> there; return = there -> here)]]

    {{{
    #!Workflow width=700 height=700
    leave = * -> *
    leave.operations = leave_status
    leave.default = 1

    accept = new,assigned,accepted,reopened -> accepted
    accept.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
    accept.operations = set_owner_to_self

    resolve = new,assigned,accepted,reopened -> closed
    resolve.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
    resolve.operations = set_resolution

    reassign = new,assigned,accepted,reopened -> assigned
    reassign.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
    reassign.operations = set_owner

    reopen = closed -> reopened
    reopen.permissions = TICKET_CREATE
    reopen.operations = del_resolution
    }}}

[[box]]

View wiki text in a box.

Syntax:

{{{#!box type align=... width=...
wiki text
}}}

or preferably when content is short:

[[box(wiki text, type=..., align=..., width=...)]]

where

  • type is an optional flag, or parameter, to call for attention depending on type of matter. When type is set, the box is decorated with an icon (except for news) and colored, depending on what urgency the type represents:
Urgency (box color) type
warn (red) bug, critical, error, important, stop, warning
highlight (yellow) help, information, note, question, tips
elaborate (blue) bad, chat, comment, discussion, good, no, nok, ok, talk, yes
news (green) news
normal (white) configuration, configure, details, look, magnifier, tool

type may be abbreviated as long as the abbreviation is unique for one of the keywords above.

  • align is optionally one of right, left or center. The rbox macro is an alias for align=right.
  • width is optional and sets the width of the box (defaults auto except for right aligned boxes which defaults a fixed width). width should be set when align=center for proper results.

Examples:

{{{#!box warn
= Warning
Beware of the bugs
}}}

[[box(Beware of the bugs, type=warn)]]

A style parameter is also accepted, to allow for custom styling of the box. See also the rbox, newsbox and imagebox macros (processors).

[[imagebox]]

Present a centered box suitable for one image.

Syntax:

{{{#!imagebox
wiki text
}}}

This box is typically used together with the Image macro:

{{{#!imagebox
[[Image(file)]]

Caption
}}}

Note that the size parameter of the Image macro may not behave as expected when using relative sizes (%).

The following parameters are also accepted:

  • align -- One of right, left or center (defaults center).
  • width -- Set the width of the box (defaults auto except for right aligned boxes which defaults a fixed width).
  • style -- Custom styling of the box.

See also the box, rbox and newsbox macros (processors).

[[newsbox]]

Present a news box to the right. (This is a shorthand for rbox news)

Syntax:

{{{#!newsbox
wiki text
}}}

The following parameters are also accepted:

  • width -- Set the width of the box (defaults a fixed width).
  • style -- Custom styling of the box.

See also the box, rbox and imagebox macros (processors). (Comment: This box corresponds to the well-known NewsFlash macro.)

[[rbox]]

View a right-aligned box. (This is a shorthand for box align=right)

Syntax:

{{{#!rbox type width=...
wiki text
}}}

or preferably when content is short:

[[rbox(wiki text, type=..., width=...)]]

where

  • type is an optional flag, or parameter, to call for attention depending on type of matter. When type is set, the box is decorated with an icon (except for news) and colored, depending on what urgency the type represents:
Urgency (box color) type
warn (red) bug, critical, error, important, stop, warning
highlight (yellow) help, information, note, question, tips
elaborate (blue) bad, chat, comment, discussion, good, no, nok, ok, talk, yes
news (green) news
normal (white) configuration, configure, details, look, magnifier, tool

type may be abbreviated as long as the abbreviation is unique for one of the keywords above.

  • width is optional and sets the width of the box (defaults a fixed width). Use width=auto for an automatically sized box.

Examples:

{{{#!rbox warn
= Warning
Beware of the bugs
}}}

[[rbox(Beware of the bugs, type=warn)]]

A style parameter is also accepted, to allow for custom styling of the box. See also the box, newsbox and imagebox macros (processors).

[[ref]]

Reference section headers in the current page. To refer to the section Using Macros, use

[[ref(Using Macros)]]

Macros from around the world

The Trac Hacks site provides a wide collection of macros and other Trac plugins contributed by the Trac community. If you're looking for new macros, or have written one that you'd like to share with the world, please don't hesitate to visit that site.

Developing Custom Macros

Macros, like Trac itself, are written in the Python programming language and are developed as part of TracPlugins.

For more information about developing macros, see the development resources on the main project site.

Here are 2 simple examples showing how to create a Macro with Trac 0.11.

Also, have a look at Timestamp.py for an example that shows the difference between old style and new style macros and at the macros/README which provides a little more insight about the transition.

Macro without arguments

To test the following code, you should saved it in a timestamp_sample.py file located in the TracEnvironment's plugins/ directory.

from datetime import datetime
# Note: since Trac 0.11, datetime objects are used internally

from genshi.builder import tag

from trac.util.datefmt import format_datetime, utc
from trac.wiki.macros import WikiMacroBase

class TimeStampMacro(WikiMacroBase):
    """Inserts the current time (in seconds) into the wiki page."""

    revision = "$Rev$"
    url = "$URL$"

    def expand_macro(self, formatter, name, text):
        t = datetime.now(utc)
        return tag.b(format_datetime(t, '%c'))

Macro with arguments

To test the following code, you should saved it in a helloworld_sample.py file located in the TracEnvironment's plugins/ directory.

from genshi.core import Markup

from trac.wiki.macros import WikiMacroBase

class HelloWorldMacro(WikiMacroBase):
    """Simple HelloWorld macro.

    Note that the name of the class is meaningful:
     - it must end with "Macro"
     - what comes before "Macro" ends up being the macro name

    The documentation of the class (i.e. what you're reading)
    will become the documentation of the macro, as shown by
    the !MacroList macro (usually used in the WikiMacros page).
    """

    revision = "$Rev$"
    url = "$URL$"

    def expand_macro(self, formatter, name, text, args):
        """Return some output that will be displayed in the Wiki content.

        `name` is the actual name of the macro (no surprise, here it'll be
        `'HelloWorld'`),
        `text` is the text enclosed in parenthesis at the call of the macro.
          Note that if there are ''no'' parenthesis (like in, e.g.
          [[HelloWorld]]), then `text` is `None`.
        `args` are the arguments passed when HelloWorld is called using a
        `#!HelloWorld` code block.
        """
        return 'Hello World, text = %s, args = %s' % \
            (Markup.escape(text), Markup.escape(repr(args)))

Note that expand_macro optionally takes a 4th parameter args. When the macro is called as a WikiProcessor, it's also possible to pass key=value processor parameters. If given, those are stored in a dictionary and passed in this extra args parameter. On the contrary, when called as a macro, args is None. (since 0.12).

For example, when writing:

{{{#!HelloWorld style="polite" -silent verbose
<Hello World!>
}}}

{{{#!HelloWorld
<Hello World!>
}}}

[[HelloWorld(<Hello World!>)]]

One should get:

Hello World, text = <Hello World!> , args = {'style': u'polite', 'silent': False, 'verbose': True}
Hello World, text = <Hello World!> , args = {}
Hello World, text = <Hello World!> , args = None

Note that the return value of expand_macro is not HTML escaped. Depending on the expected result, you should escape it by yourself (using return Markup.escape(result)) or, if this is indeed HTML, wrap it in a Markup object (return Markup(result)) with Markup coming from Genshi, (from genshi.core import Markup).

You can also recursively use a wiki Formatter (from trac.wiki import Formatter) to process the text as wiki markup, for example by doing:

from genshi.core import Markup
from trac.wiki.macros import WikiMacroBase
from trac.wiki import Formatter
import StringIO

class HelloWorldMacro(WikiMacroBase):
        def expand_macro(self, formatter, name, text, args):
                text = "whatever '''wiki''' markup you want, even containing other macros"
                # Convert Wiki markup to HTML, new style
                out = StringIO.StringIO()
                Formatter(self.env, formatter.context).format(text, out)
                return Markup(out.getvalue())