wiki:TypeNats/Operations

Version 6 (modified by diatchki, 3 years ago) (diff)

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Type-Level Operations

Currently, we provide the following type-level operations on natural numbers:

(<=) :: Nat -> Nat -> Prop    -- Comparison
(+)  :: Nat -> Nat -> Nat     -- Addition
(*)  :: Nat -> Nat -> Nat     -- Multiplication
(^)  :: Nat -> Nat -> Nat     -- Exponentiation

Notes:

  • (<=) is a 2-parameter class (that's what we mean by the "kind" Prop),
  • (+), (*), and (^) are type functions.
  • Programmers may not provide custom instances of these classes/type-families.

The operations correspond to the usual operations on natural numbers.

Inverse Operations

Our system does not have explicit functions for subtraction, division, logs, or roots. However, we can get essentially the same functionality by combining the existing type functions with (implicit or explicit) equality constraints. Consider, for example, the following type:

bytesToWords :: Array (8 * w) Word8 -> Array w Word64

In this type we are basically dividing the size of the input array by 8. Note, however, that we have expressed this by specifying that the array has to be a multiple of 8, which avoids the need for partiality.

Solving Constraints