Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracStandalone


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Timestamp:
Oct 6, 2013 10:57:01 AM (23 months ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

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  • TracStandalone

    v3 v4  
    9393
    9494== Using Authentication ==
     95
     96Tracd allows you to run Trac without the need for Apache, but you can take advantage of Apache's password tools (htpasswd and htdigest) to easily create a password file in the proper format for tracd to use in authentication. (It is also possible to create the password file without htpasswd or htdigest; see below for alternatives)
    9597
    9698Tracd provides support for both Basic and Digest authentication. Digest is considered more secure. The examples below use Digest; to use Basic authentication, replace `--auth` with `--basic-auth` in the command line.
     
    137139
    138140  Note: It is necessary (at least with Python 2.6) to install the fcrypt package in order to
    139   decode the htpasswd format.  Trac source code attempt an `import crypt` first, but there
    140   is no such package for Python 2.6.
     141  decode some htpasswd formats.  Trac source code attempt an `import crypt` first, but there
     142  is no such package for Python 2.6. Only `SHA-1` passwords (since Trac 1.0) work without this module.
    141143
    142144To create a .htpasswd file use Apache's `htpasswd` command (see [#GeneratingPasswordsWithoutApache below] for a method to create these files without using Apache):
     
    164166If you have Apache available, you can use the htdigest command to generate the password file. Type 'htdigest' to get some usage instructions, or read [http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/programs/htdigest.html this page] from the Apache manual to get precise instructions.  You'll be prompted for a password to enter for each user that you create.  For the name of the password file, you can use whatever you like, but if you use something like `users.htdigest` it will remind you what the file contains. As a suggestion, put it in your <projectname>/conf folder along with the [TracIni trac.ini] file.
    165167
    166 Note that you can start tracd without the --auth argument, but if you click on the ''Login'' link you will get an error.
     168Note that you can start tracd without the `--auth` argument, but if you click on the ''Login'' link you will get an error.
    167169
    168170=== Generating Passwords Without Apache ===
    169171
    170 Basic Authorization can be accomplished via this [http://www.4webhelp.net/us/password.php online HTTP Password generator].  Copy the generated password-hash line to the .htpasswd file on your system.
     172Basic Authorization can be accomplished via this [http://aspirine.org/htpasswd_en.html online HTTP Password generator] which also supports `SHA-1`.  Copy the generated password-hash line to the .htpasswd file on your system. Note that Windows Python lacks the "crypt" module that is the default hash type for htpasswd ; Windows Python can grok MD5 password hashes just fine and you should use MD5.
    171173
    172174You can use this simple Python script to generate a '''digest''' password file:
     
    214216It is possible to use `md5sum` utility to generate digest-password file:
    215217{{{
    216  $ printf "${user}:trac:${password}" | md5sum - >>user.htdigest
    217 }}}
    218 and manually delete " -" from the end and add "${user}:trac:" to the start of line from 'to-file'.
     218user=
     219realm=
     220password=
     221path_to_file=
     222echo ${user}:${realm}:$(printf "${user}:${realm}:${password}" | md5sum - | sed -e 's/\s\+-//') > ${path_to_file}
     223}}}
    219224
    220225== Reference ==
     
    234239  -b HOSTNAME, --hostname=HOSTNAME
    235240                        the host name or IP address to bind to
    236   --protocol=PROTOCOL   http|scgi|ajp
     241  --protocol=PROTOCOL   http|scgi|ajp|fcgi
    237242  -q, --unquote         unquote PATH_INFO (may be needed when using ajp)
    238   --http10              use HTTP/1.0 protocol version (default)
    239   --http11              use HTTP/1.1 protocol version instead of HTTP/1.0
     243  --http10              use HTTP/1.0 protocol version instead of HTTP/1.1
     244  --http11              use HTTP/1.1 protocol version (default)
    240245  -e PARENTDIR, --env-parent-dir=PARENTDIR
    241246                        parent directory of the project environments
     
    244249  -r, --auto-reload     restart automatically when sources are modified
    245250  -s, --single-env      only serve a single project without the project list
    246 }}}
     251  -d, --daemonize       run in the background as a daemon
     252  --pidfile=PIDFILE     when daemonizing, file to which to write pid
     253  --umask=MASK          when daemonizing, file mode creation mask to use, in
     254                        octal notation (default 022)
     255  --group=GROUP         the group to run as
     256  --user=USER           the user to run as
     257}}}
     258
     259Use the -d option so that tracd doesn't hang if you close the terminal window where tracd was started.
    247260
    248261== Tips ==
     
    326339}}}
    327340
     341Note that if you want to install this plugin for all projects, you have to put it in your [TracPlugins#Plugindiscovery global plugins_dir] and enable it in your global trac.ini.
     342
     343Global config (e.g. `/srv/trac/conf/trac.ini`):
     344{{{
     345[components]
     346remote-user-auth.* = enabled
     347[inherit]
     348plugins_dir = /srv/trac/plugins
     349[trac]
     350obey_remote_user_header = true
     351}}}
     352
     353Environment config (e.g. `/srv/trac/envs/myenv`):
     354{{{
     355[inherit]
     356file = /srv/trac/conf/trac.ini
     357}}}
     358
    328359=== Serving a different base path than / ===
    329360Tracd supports serving projects with different base urls than /<project>. The parameter name to change this is