wiki:Emacs

Version 6 (modified by jstolarek, 9 months ago) (diff)

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Emacs tips and tricks

Most of us use Emacs for GHC development. This page lists various Emacs configuration tips and tricks used by GHC developers in hope that they will be useful to others. Each entry includes a short description and instruction how to enable given setting (if it contains only a block of lisp code it means you need to add it to your .emacs configuration file). All configuration is given for Emacs 24, unless otherwise noted. It is assumed that you know how to install packages in Emacs (e.g. with ELPA).

General

IDO mode

Description: IDO stands for Interactively Do Things and it greatly improves file opening and switching between buffers. When opening a file it shows the list of files and directories in a current directory, allows to navigate the directory tree in an easy manner, provides intuitive filtering capabilities and allows to select a file easily by selecting its name using arrow keys. Similar behaviour is provided when switching between opened buffers. A nice introductory tutorial to IDO can be found here.

How to enable:

(setq ido-enable-flex-matching t)
(setq ido-everywhere t)
(ido-mode 1)

Disable tabs for indentation

Description: We used to use tabs for indentation, but now aim to have no tabs in the source code. There is a hook that will prevent you from pushing tabs into repository (unless file already contained tabs). This setting will prevent you from introducing tabs in the source code.

How to enable:

(setq-default indent-tabs-mode nil)

Highlight text beyond 80th column

Description: If you have a tendency to write too long lines of code this will help you by highlighting text beyond 80th column.

How to enable:

(require 'whitespace)
(setq whitespace-style '(face lines-tail))
(setq whitespace-line-column 80)
(global-whitespace-mode t)

Automatically removes trailing whitespaces when file is saved

Description: Currently source code of GHC contains lots of trailing whitespaces, which means that this setting is dangerous. It will remove ALL trailing whitespaces in every file that you edit, which means you might have one or two lines changed by you and a hundred lines automatically changed by removing trailing whitespaces. This will require you to separate whitespaces into a separate commit by using git add -i. This is tedious, so be warned.

How to enable:

(add-hook 'before-save-hook 'delete-trailing-whitespace)

C-k kills whole line and newline if at beginning of line

Description: Allows to avoid typing C-k twice when cursor is placed at the beginning of a line.

How to enable:

(setq kill-whole-line t)

Toggle line number display

Description: Allows you to toggle line number display with F11. For those who like to see line numbers at the beginning of each line.

How to enable:

(global-set-key (kbd "<f11>") 'global-linum-mode)

Always display column number in mode line

Description: By default Emacs only displays line number in the mode line. This setting adds column number.

How to enable:

(column-number-mode 1)

Switch between windows with Alt-<window number>

Description: Enhances switching between multiple windows. Number of each windows is displayed in the mode line.

How to enable: You need to install package window-number and add this to your configuration:

(require 'window-number)
(window-number-mode)
(window-number-meta-mode)

Haskell-specific

Haskell mode

Description: Haskell mode is a major mode for Emacs. Major features include syntax highlighting, GHCi integration and automatic indentation.

How to enable: See installation instructions on github and manual.

ghc-mod

I'm not using this one. Can someone (Kazu?) complete this section?

GHC-specific

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Description:

How to enable: