|Version 6 (modified by tibbe, 6 years ago) (diff)|
Linux perf tool
Since Linux 2.6.31, linux has had a new performance counter subsystem (initially called "perf counters" and later renamed to "perf events"). The facilities provided by perf events, and the associated tool "perf", are generally a superset of what you can do with oprofile and qprof, so it's a good idea to use perf if you can. It does support fewer processors than the other systems, although more are being added over time.
The perf events subsystem is compiled in by default in the kernel shipped with most distros (e.g. Ubuntu) which means there's no fiddling around compiling your own kernel or modules.
On Debian and Ubuntu you can install "perf" by installing the linux-tools-<kernel version> package:
$ sudo apt-get install linux-tools-<kernel version>
Compiling from source
If your distro doesn't include "perf" as a package you can build it manually like so:
- apt-get install binutils-dev libdwarf-dev libelf-dev (or equivalent on your distro)
- download a kernel source tree from http://kernel.org
- unpack it
- cd tools/perf
- if you want, make install, or just copy the binary somewhere appropriate
Check that it works:
$ perf stat true Performance counter stats for 'true': 3.684489 task-clock-msecs # 0.410 CPUs 1 context-switches # 0.000 M/sec 0 CPU-migrations # 0.000 M/sec 158 page-faults # 0.043 M/sec 2920646 cycles # 792.687 M/sec 2962512 instructions # 1.014 IPC 687407 branches # 186.568 M/sec 24356 branch-misses # 3.543 % <not counted> cache-references <not counted> cache-misses 0.008976351 seconds time elapsed
if you see some zeroes here it probably means your processor isn't fully supported by the kernel's perf events subsystem.
Now to profile a GHC-compiled executable:
$ sudo perf record ./queens $ sudo perf report
I'm not entirely sure why sudo is required, but apparently it is for record, and then because the log file is owned by root you need sudo for report too. The output looks something like this:
# Samples: 9161149923 # # Overhead Command Shared Object Symbol # ........ ....... ................. ...... # 30.65% queens queens [.] s1ql_info 18.67% queens queens [.] s1qj_info 12.17% queens queens [.] s1qi_info 9.94% queens queens [.] s1o9_info 5.85% queens queens [.] r1nI_info 5.33% queens queens [.] s1sF_info 5.18% queens queens [.] s1sG_info 3.69% queens queens [.] s1oP_info 1.68% queens queens [.] stg_upd_frame_info 0.88% queens queens [.] stg_ap_2_upd_info 0.62% queens queens [.] s1sE_info 0.56% queens [kernel] [k] read_hpet 0.39% queens queens [.] stg_ap_p_info 0.35% :2030 f76beb [.] 0x00000000f76beb 0.31% queens queens [.] s1oD_info 0.28% swapper [kernel] [k] mwait_idle_with_hints 0.25% queens queens [.] __stg_gc_enter_1 0.23% queens queens [.] evacuate 0.18% swapper [kernel] [k] read_hpet 0.12% queens queens [.] scavenge_block
which is great for pointing to the hotspots. You can also annotate the source code (of the RTS) or the assembly, using perf annotate.