wiki:Building/Prerequisites

Version 10 (modified by simonmar, 6 years ago) (diff)

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Prerequisites for Buiding GHC

Here are the gory details about some utility programs you may need; GHC, perl, gcc, happy and alex are the only important ones. The configure script will tell you if you are missing something.

GHC
GHC is required to build GHC, because GHC itself is written in Haskell, and uses GHC extensions. It is possible to build GHC using just a C compiler, and indeed some distributions of GHC do just that, but it isn't the best supported method, and you may encounter difficulties. Full instructions are in Porting GHC.

GHC can be built using either an earlier released version of GHC (currently 6.0 and later are supported), or bootstrapped using a GHC built from exactly the same sources. Note that this means you cannot in general build GHC using an arbitrary development snapshot, or a build from say last week. It might work, it might not - we don't guarantee anything. To be on the safe side, start your build using the most recently released stable version of GHC.
Perl
You must have Perl to proceed! Perl version 5 at least is required. GHC has been known to tickle bugs in Perl, so if you find that Perl crashes when running GHC try updating (or downgrading) your Perl installation. Versions of Perl before 5.6 have been known to have various bugs tickled by GHC, so the configure script will look for version 5.6 or later. Perl should be put somewhere so that it can be invoked by the #! script-invoking mechanism.
GNU C (gcc)
Most GCC versions should work with the most recent GHC sources. Expect trouble if you use a recent GCC with an older GHC, though (trouble in the form of mis-compiled code, link errors, and errors from the ghc-asm script).

If your GCC dies with "internal error"" on some GHC source file, please let us know, so we can report it and get things improved. (Exception: on x86 boxes, you may need to fiddle with GHC's -monly-N-regs option; see the User's Guide).
GNU Make
The GHC build system makes heavy use of features specific to GNU make, so you must have this installed in order to build GHC.

NB. it has been reported that version 3.79 no longer works to build GHC, and 3.80 is required.
Happy
Happy is a parser generator tool for Haskell, and is used to generate GHC's parsers.

If you start from a source tarball of GHC (i.e. not a darcs checkout), then you don't need Happy, because we supply the pre-processed versions of the Happy parsers. If you intend to modify the compiler and/or you're using a darcs checkout, then you need Happy.

Happy version 1.15 is currently required to build GHC. Grab a copy from Happy's Web Page.
Alex
Alex is a lexical-analyser generator for Haskell, which GHC uses to generate its lexer.

Like Happy, you don't need Alex if you're building GHC from a source tarball, but you do need it if you're modifying GHC and/or building a darcs checkout.

Alex is written in Haskell and is a project in the darcs repository. Alex distributions are available from Alex's Web Page.
autoconf and automake
These are needed if you intend to build from the darcs sources, they are not needed if you just intend to build a standard source distribution.

Version 2.52 or later of the autoconf package is required. NB. version 2.13 will no longer work, as of GHC version 6.1. Version 1.9 of automake is known to work, use others at your own risk.

autoreconf (from the autoconf package) recursively builds configure scripts from the corresponding configure.ac and aclocal.m4 files. If you modify one of the latter files, you'll need autoreconf to rebuild the corresponding configure.
sed
Most Unix installations and Cygwin/MSYS on Windows already come with sed, so you're probably OK. GNU sed version 2.0.4 is no good! It has a bug in it that is tickled by the build-configuration. 2.0.5 is OK. Others are probably OK too (assuming we don't create too elaborate configure scripts.)
Python
Required for running the testsuite. Version 2.5.2 or later is preferred, because you'll get support for running the testsuite in parallel.

Preparing a Linux system

If you're on a recent Linux system, then you should be able to get a working build environment by installing the following packages using your system's package manager:

  • glibc-devel
  • autoconf
  • automake
  • gcc
  • gmp-devel
  • make
  • perl
  • python
  • ghc
  • happy
  • alex
  • haddock

Note: currently you'll also need to install an older version of Haddock (0.9) manually, because the version of Haddock you'll get by default is 2.0.0.0 which doesn't work with GHC's build system yet.

other packages that are useful for development:

  • strace
  • libcurl-devel and zlib-devel (for building darcs)