|Version 4 (modified by pgj, 11 months ago) (diff)|
Setting Up a FreeBSD System for Building GHC
Building GHC on FreeBSD is currently supported on 8.1-RELEASE or later, on i386 (x86) and amd64 (x86_64) architectures. One might be able to build GHC on different architectures and earlier versions but they are not maintained actively. Note that 8.1-RELEASE is used for the FreeBSD nightly builds (amd64 head, i386 head, amd64 stable, i386 stable).
Note that this section is intended for developers and early adopters primarily. If you are just want to install GHC on your system, simply use the devel/hs-haskell-platform port instead. This port does all the things described below for you. It is usually kept updated to match the latest Haskell Platform specifications.
In order to be able to build GHC from source, the following ports have to be installed.
- converters/libiconv (GNU libiconv)
- devel/autoconf (GNU Autoconf)
- devel/git (for getting and managing the GHC sources)
- devel/gmake (GNU Make)
- devel/hs-alex (alex)
- devel/hs-happy (happy)
- ftp/curl (HTTP support for git)
- lang/ghc (bootstrap compiler, usually tracking Haskell Platform specifications)
- lang/perl5.14 (Perl)
- lang/python27 (Python, for the test suite)
- math/gmp (GNU GMP)
Probably it is possible to use a vanilla binary distribution to bootstrap the build, but one must note that it is built on 8.1-RELEASE, hence it will require installing misc/compat8x in order to make it work on 9.x and later systems.
In addition to the required ones, there are some further ports to install for extras.
- devel/binutils (for a more up-to-date version of the GNU toolchain, see Notes)
- devel/libffi (for dynamic linking)
- devel/llvm (for LLVM code generation)
- devel/hs-haskell-platform (the complete Haskell Platform)
- devel/hs-hasktags (for generating HTAGS files)
- devel/ncurses (for a more up-to-date version for the terminfo library, see Notes)
- lang/gcc (for GCC 4.6 or later, see Notes)
- print/hs-hscolour (for HsColourized Haddock documentation)
- textproc/dblatex (for PDF documentation)
- textproc/docbook-xsl (for XML documentation)
- textproc/libxslt (for XML documentation)
FreeBSD stores locally installed third-party software (i.e. the ports mentioned above) under a separate prefix, called LOCALBASE here, which is /usr/local/ by default. Thus the preferred way of invoking the configure script is as follows.
$ ./configure \ --with-iconv-includes=$LOCALBASE/include --with-iconv-libraries=$LOCALBASE/lib \ --with-gmp-includes=$LOCALBASE/include --with-gmp-libraries=$LOCALBASE/lib
To use a more recent GCC (this is gcc46 here) and GNU toolchain from the Ports Collection, it should be added as well:
--with-gcc=$LOCALBASE/bin/gcc46 --with-gcc-4.2=$LOCALBASE/bin/gcc46 \ --with-ld=$LOCALBASE/bin/ld --with-ar=$LOCALBASE/bin/ar \ --with-ranlib=$LOCALBASE/bin/ranlib
To use libffi from the Ports Collection:
--with-system-libffi \ --with-ffi-includes=$LOCALBASE/include --with-ffi-libraries=$LOCALBASE/lib
Building the Sources
After configure ran successfully, invoke GNU make as usual. Note that GNU make is called gmake under FreeBSD as make is the BSD make.
Here is a random list of thoughts about things that are good to know when working on FreeBSD.
- binutils / gcc