Opened 4 years ago

Closed 3 months ago

#6132 closed bug (fixed)

Can't use both shebang line and #ifdef declarations in the same file.

Reported by: gfxmonk Owned by:
Priority: normal Milestone:
Component: Compiler (Parser) Version: 7.0.4
Keywords: Cc:
Operating System: Unknown/Multiple Architecture: Unknown/Multiple
Type of failure: GHC rejects valid program Test Case: runghc/T6132
Blocked By: Blocking:
Related Tickets: Differential Rev(s):
Wiki Page:


I have an (admittedly awkward) script which can be compiled or interpreted.

If it's compiled, I want the full goodness. If it's interpreted, I want to run a "minimal" version (because if I don't have the compiled version, I probably don't have the required libraries either).

The following almost works:

module Main (main) where
#ifdef FANCY
import qualified System.Console.ANSI as Term
start = Term.setSGR [Term.SetColor Term.Foreground Term.Dull Term.Green]
end = Term.setSGR []
start = return ()
end = return ()
main :: IO ()
main = do
	putStrLn "hello world"

and then I can do:

$ runghc -cpp main.hs
hello world
^^ plain text
$ ghc -O -cpp -DFANCY main.hs
$ ./main
hello world
^^ green text (a.k.a "fancy")

I attempted to make this directly runnable by adding a shebang line of

#!/usr/bin/runghc -cpp

But unfortunately that chokes with -cpp:

$ ghc -O -cpp -DFANCY main.hs

main.hs:1:0:  error: invalid preprocessing directive #!

Change History (8)

comment:1 Changed 4 years ago by igloo

  • difficulty set to Unknown
  • Milestone set to 7.8.1

If you put the conditional part into a separate module with a {-# LANGUAGE CPP #-} pragma then it would work, but I suspect you don't want to do that so that it's easy to move the script around. Similarly a custom preprocessor would make moving it around harder.

I can't see a better immediate fix than:

  • When running CPP, if the file starts with #! then copy all but the first line to a temporary file and run CPP on that instead. (actually, we'd want a blank first line so that line numbers work out).

comment:2 Changed 2 years ago by thoughtpolice

  • Milestone changed from 7.8.3 to 7.10.1

Moving to 7.10.1.

comment:3 Changed 17 months ago by thoughtpolice

  • Milestone changed from 7.10.1 to 7.12.1

Moving to 7.12.1 milestone; if you feel this is an error and should be addressed sooner, please move it back to the 7.10.1 milestone.

comment:4 Changed 9 months ago by thoughtpolice

  • Milestone changed from 7.12.1 to 8.0.1

Milestone renamed

comment:5 Changed 9 months ago by thomie

  • Component changed from Compiler to Compiler (Parser)

comment:6 Changed 4 months ago by thomie

  • Milestone 8.0.1 deleted

comment:7 Changed 3 months ago by Thomas Miedema <thomasmiedema@…>

In 0b00add0/ghc:

Add test for #6132: hash bang + CPP

comment:8 Changed 3 months ago by thomie

  • Resolution set to fixed
  • Status changed from new to closed
  • Test Case set to runghc/T6132

This was fixed in commit 7b0695a887c13a431f898d89938e127faa3f4585 (ghc-7.8.1):

Author: Austin Seipp <>
Date:   Mon Jun 17 06:12:08 2013 -0500

    Use assembler-with-cpp mode when running CPP.
    This is needed because Clang is very strict about C99 macro rules, which
    dictate that '#' in a body must have a token immediately following it for
    string-ification. In practice we break this all the time, because we do
    very weird stuff like:
        #define FOOBAR(xyz) \
        {-# SOME PRAGMA #-} \
        baz :: (xyz) \
        baz = ...
    where the leading '#' in in the macro body clearly breaks this rule.
    Signed-off-by: Austin Seipp <>

Hurray Austin!

I added a test.

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