Opened 10 months ago
Last modified 8 days ago
#14040 new bug
Typed holes regression in GHC 8.0.2: No skolem info: z_a1sY[sk:2]
Reported by: | RyanGlScott | Owned by: | |
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Priority: | normal | Milestone: | 8.6.1 |
Component: | Compiler (Type checker) | Version: | 8.0.2 |
Keywords: | TypeInType, TypeFamilies, PartialTypeSignatures, TypedHoles | Cc: | |
Operating System: | Unknown/Multiple | Architecture: | Unknown/Multiple |
Type of failure: | Compile-time crash or panic | Test Case: | partial-sigs/should_fail/T14040a |
Blocked By: | Blocking: | ||
Related Tickets: | #13877, #15076 | Differential Rev(s): | |
Wiki Page: |
Description
(Originally spun off from #13877.)
The following program gives a somewhat decent error message in GHC 8.0.1:
{-# LANGUAGE GADTs #-} {-# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #-} {-# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #-} {-# LANGUAGE TypeApplications #-} {-# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #-} {-# LANGUAGE TypeInType #-} module Bug where import Data.Kind data family Sing (a :: k) data WeirdList :: Type -> Type where WeirdNil :: WeirdList a WeirdCons :: a -> WeirdList (WeirdList a) -> WeirdList a data instance Sing (z :: WeirdList a) where SWeirdNil :: Sing WeirdNil SWeirdCons :: Sing w -> Sing wws -> Sing (WeirdCons w wws) elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl elimWeirdList SWeirdNil pWeirdNil _ = pWeirdNil elimWeirdList (SWeirdCons (x :: Sing (x :: z)) (xs :: Sing (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)))) pWeirdNil pWeirdCons = pWeirdCons @z @x @xs x xs (elimWeirdList @(WeirdList z) @xs @p xs pWeirdNil pWeirdCons)
$ /opt/ghc/8.0.1/bin/ghci Foo.hs GHCi, version 8.0.1: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help Loaded GHCi configuration from /home/rgscott/.ghci [1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Foo.hs, interpreted ) Foo.hs:34:8: error: • Cannot apply expression of type ‘Sing wl -> (forall y. p x0 t3 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p (WeirdList z) t2 xs -> p z t1 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p a t0 wl’ to a visible type argument ‘WeirdList z’ • In the sixth argument of ‘pWeirdCons’, namely ‘(elimWeirdList @(WeirdList z) @xs @p xs pWeirdNil pWeirdCons)’ In the expression: pWeirdCons @z @x @xs x xs (elimWeirdList @(WeirdList z) @xs @p xs pWeirdNil pWeirdCons) In an equation for ‘elimWeirdList’: elimWeirdList (SWeirdCons (x :: Sing (x :: z)) (xs :: Sing (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)))) pWeirdNil pWeirdCons = pWeirdCons @z @x @xs x xs (elimWeirdList @(WeirdList z) @xs @p xs pWeirdNil pWeirdCons)
But in GHC 8.0.2, 8.2.1, and HEAD, it panics to varying degrees:
$ /opt/ghc/8.0.2/bin/ghci Foo.hs GHCi, version 8.0.2: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help Loaded GHCi configuration from /home/rgscott/.ghci [1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Foo.hs, interpreted ) Foo.hs:24:41: error: • Found type wildcard ‘_’ standing for ‘t0’ Where: ‘t0’ is an ambiguous type variable ‘x0’ is an ambiguous type variable To use the inferred type, enable PartialTypeSignatures • In the type signature: elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl • Relevant bindings include elimWeirdList :: Sing wl -> (forall y. p x0 t0 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p (WeirdList z) t1 xs -> p z t2 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p a t3 wl (bound at Foo.hs:29:1) Foo.hs:26:44: error:ghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened) (GHC version 8.0.2 for x86_64-unknown-linux): No skolem info: z_a13X[sk]
$ /opt/ghc/8.2.1/bin/ghci Foo.hs GHCi, version 8.2.1: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help Loaded GHCi configuration from /home/rgscott/.ghci [1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Foo.hs, interpreted ) Foo.hs:21:18: error: • The kind of variable ‘wl1’, namely ‘WeirdList a1’, depends on variable ‘a1’ from an inner scope Perhaps bind ‘wl1’ sometime after binding ‘a1’ • In the type signature: elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl | 21 | elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) | ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^... Foo.hs:24:41: error: • Found type wildcard ‘_’ standing for ‘w0’ Where: ‘w0’ is an ambiguous type variable ‘x0’ is an ambiguous type variable To use the inferred type, enable PartialTypeSignatures • In the type signature: elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl | 24 | -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) | ^ Foo.hs:26:44: error:ghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened) (GHC version 8.2.1 for x86_64-unknown-linux): No skolem info: z_a1sY[sk:2] Call stack: CallStack (from HasCallStack): prettyCurrentCallStack, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1133:58 in ghc:Outputable callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1137:37 in ghc:Outputable pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:2653:5 in ghc:TcErrors
(The error messages from HEAD, at commit 791947db6db32ef7d4772a821a0823e558e3c05b, are the same as in GHC 8.2.1.)
Change History (13)
comment:1 Changed 10 months ago by
comment:2 Changed 7 months ago by
Another program with a similar structure and error message:
{-# LANGUAGE AllowAmbiguousTypes #-} {-# LANGUAGE FlexibleInstances #-} {-# LANGUAGE GADTs #-} {-# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #-} {-# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #-} {-# LANGUAGE TypeApplications #-} {-# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #-} {-# LANGUAGE TypeInType #-} {-# LANGUAGE TypeOperators #-} module Bug where import Data.Kind data Proxy a = Proxy data family Sing (a :: k) data SomeSing k where SomeSing :: Sing (a :: k) -> SomeSing k class SingKind k where type Demote k :: Type fromSing :: Sing (a :: k) -> Demote k toSing :: Demote k -> SomeSing k data instance Sing (x :: Proxy k) where SProxy :: forall (a :: k). Sing ('Proxy :: Proxy a) instance SingKind (Proxy k) where type Demote (Proxy k) = Proxy k fromSing SProxy = Proxy toSing Proxy = SomeSing SProxy data TyFun :: Type -> Type -> Type type a ~> b = TyFun a b -> Type infixr 0 ~> type family Apply (f :: k1 ~> k2) (x :: k1) :: k2 type a @@ b = Apply a b infixl 9 @@ newtype instance Sing (f :: k1 ~> k2) = SLambda { applySing :: forall t. Sing t -> Sing (f @@ t) } instance (SingKind k1, SingKind k2) => SingKind (k1 ~> k2) where type Demote (k1 ~> k2) = Demote k1 -> Demote k2 fromSing sFun x = case toSing x of SomeSing y -> fromSing (applySing sFun y) toSing = undefined dapp :: forall (a :: Type) (f :: forall (x :: a). Proxy x ~> Type) (x :: a). Sing f -> Sing x -> f @@ ('Proxy :: Proxy x) dapp f x = case f of SLambda (sF :: _) -> undefined
This time, all GHCs from 8.0.1 on give a similar panic:
$ /opt/ghc/8.2.1/bin/ghci Bug.hs GHCi, version 8.2.1: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help Loaded GHCi configuration from /home/rgscott/.ghci [1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, interpreted ) Bug.hs:56:28: error: • Found type wildcard ‘_’ standing for ‘Singghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened) (GHC version 8.2.1 for x86_64-unknown-linux): No skolem info: a1_a1tE[sk:1] Call stack: CallStack (from HasCallStack): prettyCurrentCallStack, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1133:58 in ghc:Outputable callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1137:37 in ghc:Outputable pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:2653:5 in ghc:TcErrors
comment:3 Changed 5 months ago by
Interestingly, the original program no longer panics on GHC HEAD, but the program in comment:2 still panics, this time with a slightly different panic:
GHCi, version 8.5.20171205: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help Loaded GHCi configuration from /home/rgscott/.ghci [1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, interpreted ) Bug.hs:56:28: error:ghc-stage2: panic! (the 'impossible' happened) (GHC version 8.5.20171205 for x86_64-unknown-linux): No skolem info: [a1_a1yY[sk:1]] Call stack: CallStack (from HasCallStack): callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1150:37 in ghc:Outputable pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:2892:5 in ghc:TcErrors Please report this as a GHC bug: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/reportabug
Is it worth adding a regression test for the original program, or should I wait until the program in comment:2 has been fixed as well?
comment:4 Changed 5 months ago by
Owner: | set to goldfire |
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By all means add a regression test, thanks. The more the better.
Richard is actively working on a "solveEqualities" patch that will (I hope) fix this bug among many others (e.g. #14066)
comment:6 Changed 7 weeks ago by
Keywords: | TypedHoles added |
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comment:7 follow-up: 11 Changed 7 weeks ago by
I regret to report that even after Richard's "solveEqualties" patch #14066, the example in comment:2 yields
T14040.hs:91:28: error:ghc-stage2: panic! (the 'impossible' happened) (GHC version 8.5.20180402 for x86_64-unknown-linux): No skolem info: [a1_aWV[sk:1]] Call stack: CallStack (from HasCallStack): callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1162:37 in ghc:Outputable pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:3224:5 in ghc:TcErrors
This arises during the error-report-generation stage. The residual constraint is this
reportUnsolved (after zonking): Free tyvars: (t_a1e3[tau:2] :: Proxy x_a1dP[sk:2]) a_aWV[sk:1] Tidy env: ([ESf6y :-> 1, ESf7a :-> 1, ESfO0 :-> 2, ESgiS :-> 1], [aWV :-> a1_aWV[sk:1], a1dP :-> x_a1dP[sk:2], a1dQ :-> a_a1dQ[sk:2], a1e3 :-> t0_a1e3[tau:2]]) Wanted: WC {wc_impl = Implic { TcLevel = 2 Skolems = (x_a1dP[sk:2] :: a_aWV[sk:1]) a_a1dQ[sk:2] (f_a1dR[sk:2] :: forall (x :: a_a1dQ[sk:2]). Proxy x ~> *) (x_a1dS[sk:2] :: a_a1dQ[sk:2]) No-eqs = True Status = Unsolved Given = Wanted = WC {wc_simple = [D] _ {0}:: Sing t_a1e3[tau:2] -> Sing (Apply (f_a1dR[sk:2] x_a1dP[sk:2]) t_a1e3[tau:2]) (CHoleCan: TypeHole(_))} Binds = EvBindsVar<a2gv> Needed inner = [a2hM :-> co_a2hM, a2hN :-> co_a2hN, a2hO :-> co_a2hO, a2hQ :-> co_a2hQ, a2hR :-> co_a2hR, a2hS :-> co_a2hS, a2i2 :-> $dIP_a2i2] Needed outer = [a2hM :-> co_a2hM, a2hN :-> co_a2hN, a2hO :-> co_a2hO, a2hQ :-> co_a2hQ, a2hR :-> co_a2hR, a2hS :-> co_a2hS] the type signature for: dapp :: forall (x :: a_aWV[sk:1]) a (f :: forall (x :: a). Proxy x ~> *) (x :: a). Sing (f x) -> Sing x -> f x @@ 'Proxy }
And indeed you can see that the skolem a1_aWV
is not bound by any implication. This must be a bug.
Richard?
comment:8 Changed 6 weeks ago by
Well I'll be danged—it looks like this no longer panics on GHC HEAD!
$ ghc/inplace/bin/ghc-stage2 --interactive Bug.hs GHCi, version 8.5.20180413: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help Loaded GHCi configuration from /home/rgscott/.ghci [1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, interpreted ) Bug.hs:21:18: error: • Couldn't match type ‘k0’ with ‘a’ because type variable ‘a’ would escape its scope This (rigid, skolem) type variable is bound by the type signature for: elimWeirdList :: forall a1 (wl :: WeirdList a1) (p :: forall x. x -> WeirdList x -> *). Sing wl -> (forall y. p k0 w0 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z1 (x :: z1) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z1)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p k1 w1 xs -> p k2 w2 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p k3 w3 wl at Bug.hs:(21,18)-(28,23) Expected type: Sing wl -> (forall y. p k1 w0 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z1 (x :: z1) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z1)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p k0 w1 xs -> p k2 w2 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p k3 w3 wl Actual type: Sing wl -> (forall y. p k1 w0 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z1 (x :: z1) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z1)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p k0 w1 xs -> p k2 w2 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p k3 w3 wl • In the ambiguity check for ‘elimWeirdList’ To defer the ambiguity check to use sites, enable AllowAmbiguousTypes In the type signature: elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl | 21 | elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) | ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^... Bug.hs:34:8: error: • Cannot apply expression of type ‘Sing wl -> (forall y. p k0 w0 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z1 (x :: z1) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z1)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p k1 w1 xs -> p k2 w2 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p k3 w3 wl’ to a visible type argument ‘(WeirdList z)’ • In the sixth argument of ‘pWeirdCons’, namely ‘(elimWeirdList @(WeirdList z) @xs @p xs pWeirdNil pWeirdCons)’ In the expression: pWeirdCons @z @x @xs x xs (elimWeirdList @(WeirdList z) @xs @p xs pWeirdNil pWeirdCons) In an equation for ‘elimWeirdList’: elimWeirdList (SWeirdCons (x :: Sing (x :: z)) (xs :: Sing (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)))) pWeirdNil pWeirdCons = pWeirdCons @z @x @xs x xs (elimWeirdList @(WeirdList z) @xs @p xs pWeirdNil pWeirdCons) | 34 | (elimWeirdList @(WeirdList z) @xs @p xs pWeirdNil pWeirdCons) | ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
I'll confirm which commit caused this and add a regression test.
comment:9 Changed 6 weeks ago by
Never mind, I'm an idiot. I was looking at the original program, not the program in comment:2. That one still panics.
comment:10 Changed 5 weeks ago by
Here is a much simpler way to trigger the panic in comment:2:
{-# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #-} {-# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #-} {-# LANGUAGE TypeInType #-} module Bug where import Data.Kind import Data.Proxy newtype S (f :: k1 -> k2) = MkS (forall t. Proxy t -> Proxy (f t)) foo :: forall (a :: Type) (f :: forall (x :: a). Proxy x -> Type). S f -> () foo (MkS (sF :: _)) = ()
$ ~/Software/ghc/inplace/bin/ghc-stage2 --interactive Bug.hs GHCi, version 8.5.20180420: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help Loaded GHCi configuration from /home/rgscott/.ghci [1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, interpreted ) Bug.hs:15:17: error:ghc-stage2: panic! (the 'impossible' happened) (GHC version 8.5.20180420 for x86_64-unknown-linux): No skolem info: [a1_a1Cb[sk:1]] Call stack: CallStack (from HasCallStack): callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1162:37 in ghc:Outputable pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:3224:5 in ghc:TcErrors
But it now appears that this bug is of a different nature than the original program. I'll close this ticket in favor of a new one.
comment:11 Changed 5 weeks ago by
Milestone: | → 8.6.1 |
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Related Tickets: | #13877 → #13877, #15076 |
Resolution: | → fixed |
Status: | new → closed |
Test Case: | → partial-sigs/should_fail/T14040a |
Closing in favor of #15076.
comment:12 Changed 8 days ago by
There's still something wrong here, in the original program. Even if we write
elimWeirdList x = error "urk"
GHC HEAD still complains mysteriously about the type signature
T14040a.hs:21:18: error: • Couldn't match type ‘k0’ with ‘a’ because type variable ‘a’ would escape its scope This (rigid, skolem) type variable is bound by the type signature for: elimWeirdList :: forall a1 (wl :: WeirdList a1) (p :: forall x. x -> WeirdList x -> *). Sing wl -> (forall y. p k0 w0 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z1 (x :: z1) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z1)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p k1 w1 xs -> p k2 w2 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p k3 w3 wl at T14040a.hs:(21,18)-(28,23) Expected type: Sing wl -> (forall y. p k1 w0 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z1 (x :: z1) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z1)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p k0 w1 xs -> p k2 w2 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p k3 w3 wl Actual type: Sing wl -> (forall y. p k1 w0 'WeirdNil) -> (forall z1 (x :: z1) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z1)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p k0 w1 xs -> p k2 w2 ('WeirdCons x xs)) -> p k3 w3 wl • In the ambiguity check for ‘elimWeirdList’ To defer the ambiguity check to use sites, enable AllowAmbiguousTypes In the type signature: elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl | 21 | elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) | ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^... T14040a.hs:29:1: error: Can't quantify over ‘a’ bound by the partial type signature: elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl | 29 | elimWeirdList x = error "urk" | ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ T14040a.hs:29:1: error: Can't quantify over ‘wl’ bound by the partial type signature: elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl | 29 | elimWeirdList x = error "urk" | ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ T14040a.hs:29:1: error: Can't quantify over ‘p’ bound by the partial type signature: elimWeirdList :: forall (a :: Type) (wl :: WeirdList a) (p :: forall (x :: Type). x -> WeirdList x -> Type). Sing wl -> (forall (y :: Type). p _ WeirdNil) -> (forall (z :: Type) (x :: z) (xs :: WeirdList (WeirdList z)). Sing x -> Sing xs -> p _ xs -> p _ (WeirdCons x xs)) -> p _ wl | 29 | elimWeirdList x = error "urk" | ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
comment:13 Changed 8 days ago by
Owner: | goldfire deleted |
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Resolution: | fixed |
Status: | closed → new |
OK I understand the problem. Consider the type signature (abbreviated from the one written)
I have written ou the explicitly kind application needed in the application
(p _ xs)
.Now remember that a signature with wildcards is like a template imposed on type inference. The
_
wildcards are replaced with unification variables. So it's like thisThese unification variables are at the "top" of the type. Once you see this it is clear that simply kind-checking this type should fail, becuase
alpha
must have kindWeirdList z
, andz
is bound by that inner forall. Yikes!This is all happening because we aren't generating an implication constraint when we kind-check a forall. In fact, there are other symptoms of the same problem: see #14066. Let's cure that first, and then come back to this one (which might "just work").